MIT Game Lab X Tencent: Esports Weekend, Sep 23 & 24

The MIT Game Lab has invited Tencent Interactive Entertainment to come to MIT campus on September 23rd & 24th to engage with our community in some fun esports events!

We have two events taking place, one on each day:

September 23, 2017 at 2:30pm at the Stata Center (32 Vassar St) in room 32-123

Exhibition Match of League of Legends and Kings of Glory

Collegiate esports teams from Peking University and Nanjing Institute of Technology to play two popular MOBA esports games, League of Legends and Kings of Glory, with students from the MIT League of Legends Club!

In attendance, and coaching the Peking University LOL team, will be Yu “Misaya” Jingxi (ex-captain of Team WE-the first Chinese world champion of LOL).

Playing Kings of Glory are “LLM” from Nanjing Institute of Technology, champions of the third Kings of Glory National Campus League.

This event is FREE to the public, and taking place during the Boston Festival of Indie Games. Doors open at 2:30pm with the first match of League of Legends starting at 3:00pm.

September 24, 2017 at 2:30pm at the Stata Center (32 Vassar St) in room 32-141

Panel: “Positive Values of Esports”

Distinguished guests in the business and study of esports will discuss the topic the “Positive Values of Esports” — what we think these values might be and how we can encourage them in our esports games, competitions, and communities.

Scot Osterweil, Creative Director of the MIT Game Lab and Education Arcade, will facilitate a discussion on stage with TL Taylor, Professor of Comparative Media Studies, MIT, with our guests:

  • Mars Hou, Vice General Manager, Marketing, Tencent Interactive Entertainment
  • Sage Huang, General Manager, Product Department of League of Legends
  • John Lasker, Vice President, Digital Media Programming, ESPN
  • Lu Jingchao, Dean of Announcing & Hosting Art, Communication University of China

We invite the general public to come listen to this discussion and think about what we can do as players, tournament organizers, community members, game developers, broadcasters, commentators, and publishers to support social values in esports.

Please RSVP via Eventbrite below:

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Let’s Talk: Translating Languages, Building Communities and Playing Games with GirlGamerGaB

source: Let’s Play Fatal Frame 5 Part 1

Whenever you’re talking to someone online, there’s some uncertainty as to how to address them – and I hit that snag as soon as I start writing the email. On YouTube, my interviewee goes by GirlGamerGaB, but it reads too awkwardly to call her this in an email. Her real name is Evelyn, but I only know this from a passing reference she made in a YouTube video, and it seems too intimate, somehow. GaB, as the YouTube Wiki tells me, is not her name but an acronym for the Dutch words for “for lack of a better,” a moniker she chose because all of her favorite usernames were taken – but it’s the best compromise, and so I begin the email: Dear GaB…

GaB is known on YouTube for making Let’s Plays – long-form video series in which she plays through popular video games, providing reactions and commentary. Each of her videos ranges in length from 20 minutes to several hours, and she has uploaded hundreds. Some Let’s Players – including GaB – make enough money from their practice to pay the bills, but the most popular make far more than that. The promise of being able to make millions from playing video games has inspired tons of people to make Let’s Plays, and in that market, you have to find a niche, she explains to me. I’m a little surprised to find that her voice during our interview is much the same as it is in her videos. In both, she comes off as relaxed – if a little awkward – and genuine.

GaB’s niche was translation. “I was watching Let’s Plays a lot – like six hours a day a lot,” she explains. “There was a game that was releasing called Fatal Frame 5, and Fatal frame 4 only got a Japanese release. My husband and I were talking about Fatal Frame 5 also probably only getting a Japanese release, and my husband was like – ‘if you do the same thing they do but you translate it, I bet you’d get a lot of views.’ Because everyone wants to know what the series is doing, but no one has an English translation.” To her knowledge, she’s the only one who plays Japanese games in translation like this – “There are people that play [Japanese games,] but they don’t translate them on screen. But I take the time to properly translate and put it on screen, so it’s much more legit.” That was two and a half years ago. Now, GaB mostly plays English games, and her videos get between one thousand and several hundred thousand views. Why the spike? She lives in Japan with her husband, and since Japan is twelve hours ahead of North America, games are released earlier there. She takes advantage of the time difference to play games and upload videos before other Let’s Players in America, making her a popular choice for people who want to watch “First Look” videos. She describes running out to the game store as soon as it opens in the morning, buying a game, returning home and playing it as quickly as possible so she can put up a video before anyone else. It sounds funny, I remark – the idea of rushing out early in the morning to play a video game.

As she’s quick to explain to me, though, the work that goes into making Let’s Plays is extensive. On the one hand, there is a lot of management involved: curating her channel, uploading videos, staying on top of the latest games, and so on. But the emotional work seems to be the most taxing. “I get called a retard a lot,” she says. Though her videos involve translating Japanese to English, GaB’s mother tongue is Dutch, adding another layer of difficulty to the tasks of translation and interpretation. Rather than be impressed at the fluency with which she translates across languages, GaB’s fans sometimes make fun of her for her accent or when she makes in-game choices they disagree with. She tells me that this frustrates her – “if only they knew I had a master’s degree in Japanese.” She does sound frustrated, but also sure of herself. That’s not a small feat when you have to filter, read and moderate every comment, including abusive ones.

Networking is another huge component of being a successful YouTuber, she tells me. Her translation work and her location in Japan give her an advantage, since she can have videos up months before her fellow Let’s Players in North America, but even for her, “it’s all about knowing the right people. If you know the right people, play games with them, get featured on their channel, it gives you new subs. It’s all about exposure, getting out there.”

In addition to making the right friends and work connections, GaB has to market herself to her viewers. “Of course, my name being GirlGamerGaB I definitely sell the fact that I’m a woman,” she admits. “There aren’t that many Let’s Players out there that are female – they’re definitely there, but not as much. So if it’s in your name, you get clicks sooner, because people are like, ‘oh, this is a woman, let’s check that out.’” It helps that she’s married, she explains: people who get excited at the prospect of a female gamer tend to lose interest and leave when they are told she has a husband, a fact about which she is very public – her husband sometimes makes appearances on her channel. She generally tries to be as close to her “actual self” as she can, but even that can draw ire – “Sometimes people are like, ‘you’re not scared at all, you probably played the game before,’” she says mockingly. “Because I’m not exaggerating anything.” It’s true: while many Let’s Players are performative and dramatic in their reactions to jumpscares or high-stress moments, GaB is for the most part quite understated. She admits that the funniest moments to her audience are usually unintentional. She laughs at herself at that.

I can understand why viewers are endeared to her. She has a sardonic sense of humor and a warm calmness about her. I imagine she’d be fun to play games with. She’s happy with the way she performs on her channel – “I think it just attracts the right fanbase for me. For a lot of my fellow YouTubers, their fanbase is around fifteen years old, but mine are twenty-five to thirty-five. I think it attracts an older and more mature base – just being more relaxed and not trying to be funny every second. It attracts different kinds of people, which I like.” Amidst endless discussions of networking, expansion and marketing, it’s a refreshing point: perhaps one of the most rewarding things about being a YouTuber is finding a fanbase you can get along with. Sometimes her fans do frustrate her, of course. She describes Metal Gear Solid fans in particular with exasperation: “I get lots of views, but so much backseat gaming, and it drives me nuts!” But for the most part, she speaks fondly of her fanbase. She interacts with them regularly: using a tool called Gamewisp, she offers different streams and services in exchange for money. She has paid subscribers who pay for private streams, others who pay to play multiplayer games with her, and a few who pay even more to exchange letters with her.

That last tier might worry me were I a YouTuber about to write a letter to a stranger, but GaB assures me that it’s all above board. “They’re super sweet,” she says. “They’re just the nicest people ever because they’re the die-hard fans that don’t mind paying extra. So you just get like all the love.” Most of those who subscribe to her private streams watch them every weekend – by now, she knows them enough to call them friends, and they sometimes send her candy she can’t find in Japan, or Christmas presents. “They’re super sweet,” she says again.

“Of course,” she adds, “it’s a little bit weird, it’s a little bit weird, because in the back of your mind you know they’re paying to be there. It was established because they paid money for it. But I’d rather see it as – they want to support you anyways, and instead of a donation they get something in return.” These subscribers know each other, too: GaB has set up a private Discord server where they can all chat, and where she sometimes joins in. “They watch movies together, they play games together, they have a D&D group now. It’s a really great group, they’re really nice… a lot of them also say that it’s so nice to have this server where they can do all this stuff. That it’s given them people to hang out with.” She sounds proud of her fans as she explains them to me, calling them “the community I created” – as if she’s built something. From the sounds of it, she has.

There’s a sense of intimacy to watching a Let’s Play. I think that comes from the spontaneity of the Let’s Player’s commentary, the earnest surprise at a jumpscare or the frustration at losing – you get the sense that you’re sitting next to them on the couch. That intimacy can be a little disconcerting. For Let’s Players, too, the energy they expend cultivating that sense of friendship is taxing, and it often involves – for women especially – dealing with a lot of abuse. But the relationships GaB describes highlight the power of that intimacy, both for GaB and for her fans. As we wrap up the interview, we get to chatting about a game we both play, and to my surprise, she invites me to add her as a friend on it. We end the interview on friendly terms, promising to play games together sometime. I’m still not sure how to address her, but at this point, I don’t think it matters.

Posted in Research

Using game design to discover your potential

Game Lab affiliate researcher Konstantin Mitgutsch will be with us in May to discover our superpowers!

He is running an innovative and creative workshop that uses game design and play to help participants understand their skills and abilities: their superpowers!

His recent Medium post links this work to his exploration of game design, transformative experiences, learning, and life coaching:

This idea of personal Superpowers began to emerge a few years ago at MIT, while I was studying how people learn through passion. At the time I was focused on gamers, asking them to chronicle all games they’d played at various stages of their lives and then to tell me their personal stories.

Players’ Biographies in Tan/Mitgutsch 2015

The extent to which the content of the games impacted how people made sense of their stories surprised me, but after years of exploratory research and hundreds of biographies, an even more surprising insight emerged: While sharing their gaming experience, the players disclosed all of the personal strengths they had developed over time. Interestingly, these weren’t common skills like problem-solving, communication or creative thinking, but instead referred to qualities like getting the bigger picture, channelling fictive characters or constructive playful leadership. However, these strengths seemed to be trapped within the games, with players knowing neither how to apply them to other domains, nor even how to communicate them to other people.

You can register for the May 21 workshop via Eventbrite.

Posted in Research, Thoughts

How Not to Wipe; or, How MMORPGs Work to Disassociate Gender and Caretaking

As l started working as a games researcher, I found I had some holes in my play history that were hindering my research opportunities. Namely, I had never played a massively multiplayer online game (MMOG or MMO) before, a type of game known for slurping down gobs of one’s time and energy but also, as discussed in games research literature, as fantastic sites of social learning, interaction, and worldbuilding. Thus, I decided to play one when it arrived as a perfect way into the complex genre. As a nearly exclusively console-based player and knowing my unabashed love for the series from whence it comes, it surprises me little that Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn (hereafter FFXIV) ended up hooking me. However, I started the game in earnest the summer before my master’s thesis year at MIT. Perhaps not such a wise choice.

Promotional art from Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn, showing part of the gameworld.

Promotional art from Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn, showing part of the gameworld.

But! As these things sometimes go, I did indeed also begin my thesis in earnest as well, and I kept finding parallels between what I was writing and what I was playing. Although my time with FFXIV never found its way directly into my thesis, here I’ll make the case I have been itching to make: how the design needs, constraints, and solutions that FFXIV and other MMOs, particularly MMO role-playing games (MMORPGs) can inspire game design that pushes against restrictive assumptions about gender.

First, a digest of my thesis: I argue that mechanics, the interaction points and input options that allow the player to change the game state in some way (such as making an avatar run and jump or selecting matching icons to clear part of the game board), are a part of a game’s storytelling and worldbuilding, along with its art (including sound) and scripted narrative. In my thesis, I investigated that argument through caretaking mechanics, which I defined as mechanics focused at least thematically on helping and caring for others, and which I grouped into three particular manifestations: healing, protection, and building relationships. I considered how these mechanics are featured in (single player) role-playing and action genres and in particular games’ overall aesthetics, characters, and worlds, finding that these mechanics often suggested or imposed an adherence to stereotypical gender roles. These roles cast women and girls as nurturing, emotionally sensitive, and strongly connected to nature, whereas men are the opposite (emotionally distant and more attuned to science and military technology) but are also responsible for delivering (otherwise assumed helpless) women from dangerous situations.

Where my thesis leaves off is where much work begins. My thesis could only make the criticism, but putting that critique into action and seeing more nuance in gender in games is a multifaceted problem. It requires changes in game writing and art (much of which is happening, as more interesting and nuanced characters of both genders emerge) as well as in game design and the mechanical tropes developers implement and players have learned to structure interaction in games. So I wonder, how can healing, protection, relationship building, and any other caretaking mechanics shift in a way that not only broadens who, in a gendered sense, can access them, but also values the intense emotional, sometimes physical, and often mental labor that goes into caring for others?

Although this promotional image from the first version of Final Fantasy XIV upholds gendered associations with healing, healing in-game is quite different, being unconnected to gender and fast-paced.

Although this promotional image from the first version of Final Fantasy XIV upholds gendered associations with healing, healing in-game is quite different, being unconnected to gender and fast-paced.

Here I alleviate any bated breath by returning to my first point: I’ve been playing a lot of an MMORPG. Although I began and continued playing FFXIV for reasons other than my work, I found, through learning the game while maining (bear with me; I’ll explain all of this) a tank class and then taking up a healing one as I had begun writing my thesis (and later a DPS, to round out my repertoire), that this game plays very differently from the single player entries in the series. Indeed, it marks playing each kind of class as uniquely difficult labor, and I have seen closer to a balance of avatar genders in each role, when compared to who’s doing what in the single player games I researched.

As promised, here’s a primer on what any of that means: many MMORPGs work with the tank-heal-damage system. That is, one (or more) player character(s) attracts enemies’ attention as the tank, who has high defense and hit points and is kept alive by the healer(s), as the other characters do damage on the enemy (known as DPS, or damage per second). In FFXIV, any given player character can switch freely between any class (all of which fall within one of the tank-healer-DPS roles) they’ve undertaken, but many players lean towards (or main) one or just a few to play most often, as progressing and properly outfitting a class take quite a bit of time and effort.

Each role has its own ability sets, assigned duties, and expectations on players. Tanks must make sure they keep hold of enemies’ attention, which is diverted by the damage enemies take and other players’ heals that occur near them. Healers must keep tanks alive, as well as any DPS who have taken damage, and they are usually expected to help inflict damage on enemies when there is no healing to be done. The DPS need to maximize the damage they do at all times in order to win the battle. Battles are often designed with timers that mark how long players have to inflict a certain amount of damage, or else the enemy may perform an attack that kills the whole party, resulting in restarting the battle. Everyone is also expected to handle what are (somewhat confusingly here) called mechanics, which are special circumstances in a battle to require players to read, know, and adapt to such shifts; however, if there are special actions to be taken, usually that falls on DPS and healers.

This is a battle in which I participated in Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn. Roles are marked in the upper left corner, as designated blue for tanks, green for healers, and red for DPS.

This is a battle in which I participated in Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn. Roles are marked in the upper left corner, as designated blue for tanks, green for healers, and red for DPS.

All of these roles are required to find success in an MMO by design; each player has a role to fill and each role has its specified boundaries and requirements. Notably, whereas some MMOs have noticeable changes between male and female characters’ ability statistics (sometimes also based on race) FFXIV does not; rather, players choose roles to focus on the kind of work they are interested in doing. That labor of healing and of the tank’s protection is recognizably difficult, vital, and celebrated. Anecdotally, I’ve found that tanks and healers are rarer than DPS, and so they’re welcomed into most parties and are often the first to get commendations (a system for voting for a player after completing a mission with them, ostensibly for their strong performance).

These systems clearly work in games wherein the whole party/group is controlled by humans, but I think there is potential for some of those design elements in single player games. That could work as (somewhat) simply as having similar role schemes but with computer-controlled party members or as intricately as redesigning the focus of battles in single player games so that healing and protection are crucial mechanics, rather than last resorts if a player has not pushed their character(s) to be offensively powerful.

As for who can access healing and protection mechanics, as Comparative Media Studies’s own Professor Ed Schiappa would advise (as he did my thesis; thank you!), more representation is best: A variety of people can and do take up nurturing, protective, and physically and/or emotionally demanding tasks in real life, and thus why not reflect that range of people in these different roles in games? Thus, personality types and the mechanical statistics that are assigned to them need not be locked to gender. (I make this point in my thesis in relation to Final Fantasy XIII, a sadly much maligned entry in the series that I believe has some really interesting connections between non-standard character types and party-based role-playing mechanics.)

Clearly, I’ve been fascinated both in leisure and in work by my experiences with Final Fantasy XIV. I’m curious to see how the specific design necessities in MMOs might offer different approaches to character interactions in single player games (including relationships, which I couldn’t touch on here). Beyond this, however, is my interest in finding more games that ask players to broaden their perspective on the range of people who exist around them and that challenge players to engage more empathically with others, not only through spoken and written text, visuals, and audio, but also through the actions they perform.

Posted in Research

Boston FIG Talk: Good Co-op Bad Co-op

On January 8, 2017, the Recasting Player Two crew headed to the Boston Festival of Indie Games to give a FIG Talk on our research on the gendered dynamics of co-operative play. We spoke to a crowded room of developers, games critics, academics and fans about the passive play and spectatorship, the dynamics of playstyles and roles, and new and more inclusive themes for co-operative game design.

Read more ›

Posted in Events, Research

Recasting Player Two Workshop #2: Dynamics of Involvement in Cooperative Play

The Recasting Player Two project aims to find ways for academia to collaborate with the development community to promote diversity and equity in game development and gaming culture. In particular, we’re interested in the gendered dynamics of co-located cooperative games; in order to tackle a series of gendered issues in current design practices, we have hosted two workshops bringing together people from the game development community to prototype games and discuss these issues. We wrote about the first workshop Boston Game Maker’s Guild Workshop.

The second Recasting Player Two workshop took place on November 18th at the MIT Game Lab. Building on insights from the first workshop, we resolved to bring together a diverse group of game industry professionals, developers and academics to tackle the more specific issue of passive play and asymmetrical cooperative games. We opened the day by asking our attendees: how can we create games that afford different levels and types of interaction, investment, difficulty and specialization? And in doing so, how can we create more inclusive spaces not just for women, but for other underrepresented groups in gaming as well?

Read more ›

Posted in Events, Research

Boston Game Maker’s Guild Workshop


A while back, a group of fourteen board game developers from Boston’s Game Makers Guild attended an evening workshop that was jointly organized with the MIT Game Lab. The event was a part of an ongoing project called Recasting Player Two which aims to find ways for academia to collaborate with the development community to promote diversity and equity in the game development and gaming culture.

Read more ›

Posted in Events, Research

Applications open for Play Labs 2017 – summer accelerator for MIT alumni & students using playful technologies

Applications are open to companies founded by MIT alumni or students for the inaugural edition of PlayLabs, a new summer accelerator for MIT students & alumni using playful technologies, taking place on MIT’s campus, hosted by the MIT Game Lab, and operated by Bayview Labs.

Play Labs is a private venture run by Bayview Labs, and its executive director is Riz Virk, MIT ‘92, a successful entrepreneur in both video games and enterprise software, and angel investor in many playful companies. Play Labs is hosted by the MIT Game Lab, whose faculty and researchers will be involved hands on with startups, and will take place on the MIT Campus.

From the press release:

The focus of the first batch will be Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality technologies and applications, though the incubator will also consider startups using other playful tech, including 3d modeling, rendering, streaming, gamification, artificial intelligence, machine vision. The applications of playful technology can be in any industry, including online/mobile/VR gaming, esports, entertainment, education, healthcare, finance, etc.

During the program, startup teams will be mentored by the Executive Director, and by faculty and staff from the MIT Game Lab. Additional speakers and mentors for the accelerator will include many successful entrepreneurs and experts in product design, sales and marketing, and fundraising, drawn from MIT alumni and Seraph Group.

Startups that are accepted into Play Labs will each receive an initial investment of $20,000 from the Play Labs Fund in return for common stock. Startups that graduate from the program and meet certain criteria will be eligible for up to $80,000 in additional funding from Play Labs and its investment partners.

More information, including the application, can be found at

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Playful and Social Interaction Design Returns in Spring 2017

Playful and Social Interaction Design (CMS.842) is the latest addition to the MIT Game Lab’s course offerings. It debuted in the Spring of 2016 and will be offered again Spring 2017. The best way of conveying what we do in the class is to show the results of previous student projects, so follow the link below and explore the online portfolio.

Playful and Social Interaction Design 2016 Projects


Posted in Courses Tagged with: , ,

Playing at Real Estate Development in China!

Originally posted at the Samuel Tak Lee Real Estate Entrepreneurship Lab blog

Since August, the MIT Game Lab has been developing a game about real estate entrepreneurship and socially responsible development for the Samuel Tak Lee MIT Real Estate Entrepreneurship Lab. This past April, Sara Verrilli and I visited China to test our game with undergraduate students in urban planning, architecture, real estate development, and landscaping. We also wanted to get a sense of the scale of real estate development currently in progress there. Our first stop was in Hohhot, at the Inner Mongolia University of Technology.

An incoming graduate student and an instructor at IMUT gave us a two day architectural tour of Hohhot. We saw construction sites in every phase of development, along with a healthy mix of new and old architectural styles. Outside the city, we visited villages in various states of renovation – some being rebuilt, some occupied after renewal, and some still in use, awaiting work. Those two days inspired new ideas for our prototype game’s look and feel – our title screen is now a picture from a district of Hohhot designed by our host, Professor Rong. The ever present blue gates at each construction site became the new icon our artist, Miranda Cover, created for the game.

The night before we met with the students, we taught the game to the instructors and graduate students who were our guides. They enjoyed the game, and were a great help with translating and assisting the students in learning the game the next day.

For the actual test, we played the game twice. The first game was a shorter introductory one, and the students played in pairs, so they could aid each other in learning the game. While they learned the rules, they also discovered translation errors both in game and on our reference cards. Fortunately, we had IMUT instructors who knew the game, and could both translate and make suggestions for future improvements.

After lunch, the students played again, and this was our main test. We divided them into two groups of four, and each group had an IMUT instructor and an MIT staff member to answer questions and observe their game. To keep the game competitive, we offered an MIT logo tshirt to the winner from each group. While this inspired more competitive games, the students still helped each other out. The games were played on a single shared tablet, and while the students could choose to keep the tablet private on their own turns, they tended to keep it on the table, in public view. The students clearly enjoyed the game both times they played it, and the second time, turns were much faster and scores higher.

As designers, we want a player who makes poor decisions early in play to be able to recover if they notice their mistakes. We saw this happen in Hohhot; players changed their strategies mid-game, and were rewarded with better results. We also wanted to know if the game mechanics gave the players the ‘feeling’ of being an entrepreneur, or a real estate developer, or an urban planner – and the students confirmed that yes, they did. Different playstyles did cause different roles to feel more or less expressed in the game.

After leaving Hohhot, we conducted another test with students from Tsinghua University in Beijing. They quickly mastered the gameplay and made nuanced observations about how the systems in our game compared to the real world. Describing what they wished the game could do, these students asked for features and mechanics we had already started designing — confirming we were on the right track!

Based on the feedback from these tests, our student team spent the remainder of their Spring semester at MIT making changes. The user interface and the in-game symbols received significant criticism, so we revised the game’s appearance. We also updated building names and did another game balancing pass. We want players to consider their social responsibility to invest in public infrastructure to help the city thrive, but we also want them exploring the system of debt and profit within the game, to wisely use capital and take calculated risks, as entrepreneurs must.

The game is currently being tested as part of the comprehensive curriculum of the MISTI-STL Summer Camp experience being run in China this summer. In July, I will be observing the camp in Qingdao and Xiamen, as well as conducting tests in Shanghai and these two cities with other interesting types of players: high schoolers who might consider real estate development as a career and professionals who are already practicing real estate development. We have another year of prototyping and design research after this summer and are excited to continue introducing more systems of real estate development and entrepreneurship into our game!

Posted in Research Tagged with: , , , ,